IP And DNS Address

Introduction To IP Address

IP is the abbreviation for the Internet Protocol address term. The address stands for the unique number that connects you to all online activity you perform. You can consider it as the return address on a letter you’d send out. Before it gets complicated, this whole action of sending and receiving happens in milliseconds.

Let's start, when you connect to the internet, for checking email, chatting, gaming, shopping, your requests has sent out to the right destination, and the responses and information you need to return to you directly and fast.The IP address plays the biggest role in this equation. Your device and you connect to the internet indirectly, you first connect to a network that has a connection to the internet itself and grants you access to the internet through itself. This network we defined in most of the cases will be your internet service provider (ISP).

Your internet service provider attaches an IP address to your computer. It is their duty, to assign it since they are the ones giving you access to the internet. All your internet actions go through the ISP and then they route it back to your assigned IP address. For securing a stable internet connection for you, your computer networking software is hardwired to follow a list of built-in networking standards and protocols to connect, sending and receiving data and information constantly. The internet protocol is the one responsible for making the delivery and routing your online requests precisely. It adds to all of your online requests an “electronic return address”, the address in it is the IP address for your connections.

Information On DNS Servers

The term DNS is an abbreviation for Domain Name System. It is a hierarchical and decentralized naming system for any source connecting to the internet or a private network. It can go up to 256 characters. DNS is a tool to switch “host” names to “IP” addresses. It is one of the most used protocols. In a network there would be lots of layers of DNS, they contain one other information in a hierarchical order. When one of the DNS servers fails, or any route that reaches it gets corrupted another DNS can take the job of the failed one so that communication can continue uncut.

DNS has a simple problem-solving technique, it evaluates every information on its part. The first thing it goes to the Local DNS server, the second step goes to root DNS, etc. from the right side to left it goes through every bit of information divided with punctuation. The process of reading a domain name starts from the very right side and it starts with country code, then comes to the top-level domains (com, edu, org, net..) and the hierarchy goes on, until the last domain code and then the process starts. The main reason for this action is for finding the IP address to the request you sent to, and the information or data you receive from. In other words, it makes a double-sided transition in between easy to understand and usable names and IP addresses.